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Protocolos Citogenéticos e Perspectivas Biotecnológicas Voltadas à Piscicultura Marinha e Conservação

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18561/2179-5746/biotaamazonia.v3n2p155-168

http://periodicos.unifap.br/index.php/biota/index 

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Wagner F. Molina1 & Uedson P. Jacobina2

 

Resumo: Abordagens genéticas passaram a contribuir crescentemente nos programas de criação de peixes e conservação biológica através do emprego de técnicas genéticas clássicas e modernas, envolvendo tanto a manipulação cromossômica, como marcadores moleculares. Entre as abordagens aportadas tem se identificado um crescimento vertiginoso das informações cromossômicas de espécies e populações. Na presente revisão são detalhadas diferentes aplicações e perspectivas dos estudos citogenéticos e da manipulação cromossômica relacionadas à ictiofauna nativa ou cultivada. O cenário apresentado demonstra sua enorme relevância em estudos relacionados à identificação da biodiversidade, embora, em menor grau, a manipulação cromossômica venha sendo corriqueiramente empregada em várias espécies. Apesar da grande biodiversidade marinha e do valor econômico de suas espécies, as informações citogenéticas ainda são significativamente menores e de menor aplicabilidade para a piscicultura marinha.

Palavras-chave: citogenética de peixes; cromossomos; piscicultura marinha; manipulação cromossômica

 

Abstract: Genetic methodologies have been increasingly utilized in fish breeding programs and conservation biology through classical and modern techniques, such as chromosomal manipulation and molecular markers. Among the different approaches have been identified a rapid growth of chromosomal information about species and populations. In this review are detailed the different applications and perspectives of cytogenetic studies and chromosome manipulation related to native or cultivated fishes. The scenario presented demonstrates its enormous importance in studies on the identification of biodiversity, although chromosome manipulation also will be routinely employed in several species. Despite the great marine biodiversity and of the economic value of their species, cytogenetic data is reduced and have been less applicable in the marine fish farming.

Key words: Fish cytogenetics; chromosomes; marine fish farming; chromosome manipulation.

 

1 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Programa de Pós-graduação em Sistemática e Evolução, Rede Nordeste de Biotecnologia. E-mail: molinawf2@yahoo.com.br
2 Universidade Federal do Rio grande do Norte. E-mail: jacobina_up@ufrnet.br

  

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