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Do Texto Dramático ao Cinema: Quatro Tempestades de William Shakespeare

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18305/1679-5520/scripta.uniandrade.v14n1p15-39

http://www.uniandrade.br/revista-scripta-uniandrade.php 

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Solange R. de Oliveira1

  

Resumo: Com base em aspectos vanguardistas evidenciados por algumas transposições fílmicas de obras clássicas, o ensaio analisa a releitura de A tempestade de Shakespeare pelos cineastas Peter Greenaway, Derek Jarman e Julie Taymor, em seus aspectos formais e temáticos. No filme de Greenaway destaca o uso do texto dramático como pretexto para uma reflexão sobre o contraste entre a cultura do livro e as novas tecnologias. A essa se contrapõem, nas recriações de Jarman e Taymor, respectivamente, a visão da vida como sonho e a exploração da figura da bruxa como uma nova representação da identidade feminina.

Palavras-chave: Shakespeare no cinema. As Tempestades de Peter Greenaway, Derek Jarman e Julie Taymor.

 

Abstract: On the basis of vanguardist aspects of filmic transpositions of classic works, the essay analyses formal and thematic aspects of the re-readings of Shakespeare´s The Tempest by filmmakers Peter Greenaway, Derek Jarman and Julie Taymor. Greenaway´s film emphasizes the use of the dramatic text as an excuse for reflection on the contrast between new technologies and the culture of the book. Jarman´s and Taymor´s recreations are seen, respectively, as a projection of the vision of life as a dream and the exploration of the image of the witch as a new representation of woman´s identity.

Key words: Shakespeare on film. Peter Greenaway´s, Derek Jarman and Julie Taymor´s The Tempest.

 

1 Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto (UFOP) Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brasil (solanger1@uol.com.br)

 

Literatura Citada

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SHAKESPEARE, William. The Tempest. In: The Tempest. A case study in critical controversy. Graff, G.; PHELAN, J. (Eds.). Bedford/St.Martin´s, 2000 (p. 10-87).

SHAKESPEARE, William A tempestade. Trad. de Carlos Alberto Nunes. Edições de Ouro, 1966.

SONTAG, Susan. Notes on camp. Disponível em https://monoskop.org/images/5/59/Sontag_Susan_1964_Notes_on_Camp.pdf.

TAYMOR, Julie. The Tempest. Adapted from the play by William Shakespeare. New York: Abrams, 2010.

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WILLIS, Deborah. Shakespeare´s Tempest and the Discourse of Colonialism. In: SHAPESPEARE, William. The Tempest. A case study in Critical Controversy. Boston. GRAFF, G.; Phelan (Eds) .New York: Bedford/St. Martin´s, 2000, p. 256-268.