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Otimismo e Suporte Social em Mulheres com Câncer de Mama: Uma Revisão Sistemática

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15348/1980-6906/psicologia.v18n2p19-33

http://editorarevistas.mackenzie.br/index.php/ptp/index 

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Micheline R. Bastianello1 & Claudio S. Hutz2

 

Resumo: Este trabalho teve como objetivo realizar uma revisão sistemática da literatura científica sobre as relações entre otimismo e suporte social em mulheres com câncer de mama. As buscas eletrônicas foram executadas a partir da utilização dos descritores “otimismo” (optimism), “suporte social” (social support) e “câncer de mama” (breast cancer) e do operador booleano “e” (and). Pesquisou-se nas bases de dados: PsycINFO, Scopus, Sage Publications, SciELO, Medline/PubMed Resources Guide. Buscaram-se artigos publicados entre os anos 1994-2014. Os artigos foram analisados a partir de cinco dimensões: objetivo, instrumentos, amostra, análise dos dados e principais resultados. Observou-se que a produção científica sobre a temática estudada é pequena e apresenta um crescimento lento. Com relação aos instrumentos de coleta de dados, a escala mais utilizada para medir otimismo foi a Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R), enquanto para medir suporte social um número variado de escalas foi utilizado. Os resultados sugerem que as mulheres com maior otimismo e suporte social tendem a se envolver em comportamentos mais saudáveis, contribuindo para melhor qualidade de vida.

Palavras-chave: otimismo; suporte social; câncer de mama; psicologia positiva, revisão de literatura.

 

Abstract: The present study aimed to conduct a systematic review of the scientific literature on the relation between optimism and social support in women with breast cancer. Electronic searches were performed using the descriptors optimism, social support, and breast cancer in English and Portuguese with the Boolean operator “and”. The following data bases were used: PsycINFO, Scopus, Sage Publications, SciELO, Medline/PubMed Resources Guide. The study included papers published between the years 1994-2014. The articles were analyzed using five dimensions: objectives instruments sample analysis of the data and main results. The results showed that the scientific literature on the subject studied is still scarce and shows a slow growth. Regarding data collection instruments, the most widely used scale to measure optimism was the Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R), while to measure social support several different scales were used. The results suggest that women with greater optimism and social support tend to engage in healthier behaviors, contributing to a better quality of life.

Key words: optimism; social support; breast cancer; positive psychology; literature review.

 

1 Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói – RJ – Brasil. Endereço para correspondência: Micheline Roat Bastianello, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua José do Patrocínio, 71, Centro – Campo dos Goytacazes – RJ – Brasil. CEP: 28010-385. E-mail: mbastianello@hotmail.com.
2 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre – RS – Brasil

 

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