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Distritos Industriais e Inovação: O Sector dos Moldes em Portugal

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13084/2175-8018.v01n01a07

http://www.incubadora.ufsc.br/index.php/IJIE/index 

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Filipa D. Vieira1 & Fernando Romero2

 

Resumo: Com base no estudo aprofundado de empresas nacionais do sector dos moldes, pretendeu determinar-se onde e como estas empresas adquirem o conhecimento necessário para as suas actividades de inovação. A ênfase deste trabalho foi o estudo das interacções entre vários elementos do sistema, sejam eles internos ou externos à empresa. Pretendeu responder-se às duas questões seguintes: Se a inovação reflecte aprendizagem, como é que as empresas aprendem e como inovam? A que se deve o desempenho inovador do sector dos moldes nacional? O estudo efectuado resultou na criação de um modelo de observação do sector dos moldes, relativo ao tipo de relações existentes entre as empresas e entre estas e outras instituições, permitindo uma sistematização e uma generalização na análise da dinâmica inovadora deste sector. A capacidade inovadora do sector é também relacionada com certas características intrínsecas do mesmo. Ao estudar as empresas, bem como as interacções existentes, constatou-se a presença de características particulares dos distritos industriais italianos. Na verdade, pode afirmar-se que este sector da indústria nacional possui algumas características idênticas à de um distrito industrial italiano, e este facto influenciou e condicionou o seu desempenho inovador.

Palavras-chave: distritos industriais, inovação, sector dos moldes

 

Abstract: The aim of this study was to understand the mechanisms for knowledge acquisition, and its transformation in innovative output, based on detailed observation of Portuguese firms of the moulds industrial sector. Emphasis was put on the study of interactions between several external or internal elements of the system. The two main research questions were: 1) If innovation reflects learning then how do firms learn how do firms transpose learning to artefacts and are able to innovate? What are the reasons for the innovative performance of the moulds sector in Portugal? The study resulted in the creation and proposal of an observation model of the moulds sector, relative to the type of relations that exist between the firms and between firms and other institutions, which permits systematization and generalisation in the analysis of the innovative dynamics of this sector. The innovative performance of the sector is also related with several of its intrinsic characteristics. By studying the firms, and the existing interactions, characteristics that are peculiar to the Italian industrial districts were noticed. This sector possesses some strong characteristics of industrial districts that have influenced and conditioned its innovative performance.

Key words: industrial districts, innovation, moulds sector

 

1 Doutora em Engenharia de Produção e Sistemas pela Universidade do Minho Universidade do Minho Departamento de Produção e Sistemas Campus de Azurém, 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal Telf: +351 253 510 344; Fax: +351 253 510343 Guimarães, Portugal filipadv@dps.uminho.pt
2 Doutor em Science and Technology Policy pela Universidade de Manchester Universidade do Minho Campus de Azurém, 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal Departamento de Produção e Sistemas Telf: +351 253 510 344; Fax: +351 253 510343, Guimarães, Portugal fromero@dps.uminho.pt

 

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