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Artrópodos Asociados a Seis Especies de Hongos Comestibles de Ocurrencia Natural en Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18561/2179-5746/biotaamazonia.v3n3p54-63

http://periodicos.unifap.br/index.php/biota/index 

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Carlos A. Amaringo-Cortegano1, Ruby Vargas-Isla2, José W. de Morais3 & Noemia K. Ishikawa4

 

Resumen: Los artrópodos pueden afectar directamente el desarrollo micelial y de basidiomas, siendo el cultivo de hongos una actividad perjudicada, produciéndose daños reflejados en pérdidas de producción y calidad del hongo. De ahí la importancia del conocimiento de artrópodos asociados a hongos comestibles en estados silvestres puede ayudar en el establecimiento de sistemas de prevención, que permitan controlar y manejar las posibles plagas potenciales de especies de hongos en el futuro. Por lo tanto, el presente estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar artrópodos asociados a seis especies de hongos comestibles de ocurrencia natural en Manaus-Amazonas-Brasil. Las muestras de artrópodos pertenecieron a colectas de basidiomas de Lentinula raphanica, Favolus brasiliensis, Oudemansiella cf. platensis, Panus strigellus, Pleurotus djamor y Pleurotus sp., encontrados en diferentes zonas de Manaus, desde noviembre del 2008 hasta mayo del 2011. Los grupos de artrópodos encontrados con mayor frecuencia fueron Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) en L. raphanica, P. strigellus y Pleurotus sp.; Siphonophorida (Diplopoda) en O. cf. platensis; Mesostigmata (Acari) en F. brasiliensis y P. djamor. Además, se observó que Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) y Formicidae (Hymenoptera) se encontraron asociados a las especies de hongos comestibles en estudio, excepto en O. cf. platensis. De esta manera podemos afirmar que los artrópodos asociados a hongos comestibles amazónicos con potencial de cultivo, se constituyen por ser posibles plagas y considerando los daños causados por artrópodos podrían afectar la calidad comercial de los hongos en un cultivo comercial.

Palabras-clave: cultivo de hongos; plagas potenciales; basidioma; micofagia.

 

Abstract: Arthropods could be directly affect mycelial growth and basidiome, being the mushroom cultivation, an impaired activity, resulting in damage reflected in loss of production and the fungus quality. Of there the importance of knowledge of arthropods associated to wild edible mushrooms could help in establishment prevention system that allow the control and manage possible potential pest of edible mushrooms species in the future. Thus, this study aimed to determine arthropods associated with six edible mushrooms species which are in natural occurrence in Manaus-Amazonas-Brazil. Samples belong to basidiome of Lentinula raphanica, Favolus brasiliensis, Oudemansiella cf. platensis, Panus strigellus, Pleurotus djamor and Pleurotus sp., found in different areas of Manaus from November 2008 to May 2011. The arthropod groups with greater frequency were Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) in L. raphanica, P. strigellus and Pleurotus sp.; Siphonophorida (Diplopoda) in O. cf. platensis; Mesostigmata (Acari) in F. brasiliensis and P. djamor. Also Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) and Formicidae (Hymenoptera) were found as an association with all the edible fungi studied, except O. cf. platensis. These results affirm the arthropods associated to Amazonian edible mushrooms with cultive potential, are constituted to possible pests and considering the damage could be affect the mushroom commercial quality in a commercial cultive.

Key words: mushroom cultivation; potential pests; fruit body; micofagy.

 

1 Biólogo, Universidad Nacional de la Amazonía Peruana, Escuela de Formación Profesional de Biología, Plaza Serafín Filomeno s/n, Iquitos, Perú. E-mail: carlosand8@hotmail.com
2 Agrónoma, Magister en Agricultura en el Trópico Húmedo y Doctora en Botánica en el Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus – INPA, Coordenación de Biodiversidad, Av. André Araújo, 2936, Manaus, Amazonas. CEP: 69067-375. E-mail: rubyvar9@gmail.com
3 Agrónomo, Doctor en Entomología e investigador del Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia – INPA, Centro de Pesquisas de Produtos Florestais, División de Entomología, Av. André Araújo, 2936, Manaus, Amazonas. CEP: 69083-000. E-mail: morais@inpa.gov.br
4 Bióloga, Doctora en Recursos Naturales e investigadora del Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia – INPA, Coordenación de Biodiversidad, Av. André Araújo, 2936, Manaus, Amazonas. CEP: 69067-375. E-mail: noemia@inpa.gov.br

 

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