Ambiência no Transporte de Equinos e os Efeitos nas Respostas ao Estresse
Aérica C. Nazareno1, Iran J. O. da Silva1 & Danielle P. B. Fernandes1
Resumo: O transporte de equinos é comprometido por um conjunto de fatores simultâneos, o que explica a elevada proporção de perdas produtivas nesta etapa, atribuídas a doenças, perda de massa corporal e morte. Estas perdas podem ser prevenidas, por meio de um manejo adequado de ambiência, a qual reduz o estresse e melhora o bem estar do animal. O objetivo desta revisão foi fornecer resultados práticos sobre ambiência no transporte de equinos e as influências no estresse. Os conhecimentos de ambiência e os agentes estressores que atuam no transporte de equinos auxiliarão o produtor e/ou manejador na adequação do manejo correto e na redução de perdas econômicas no setor da equideocultura, garantindo o conforto térmico e melhoria do bem estar animal.
Palavras-chave: desequilíbrio fisiológico, equideocultura, grandezas físicas, patologia, tipos de veículos
Abstract: The equine transport is compromised by a number of concurrent factors, which explains the high rate of production loss in this stage, diseases attributed to, loss of body weight and death. These losses can be prevented by means of an appropriate ambience management, which reduces stress and improves the well-being of the animal. The aim of this review was to provide practical outcomes about ambience in the transport of horses and the stress influences. The knowledge of ambience and stressors that operate in transportation of horses assist the producer and/or handler on the suitability of correct management and reducing economic losses in the horse breeding sector, ensuring thermal comfort and improved animal welfare.
Key words: physiological imbalance, horse breeding, physical quantities, pathology, types of vehicles
1 Núcleo de Pesquisa em Ambiência (NUPEA), Departamento de Engenharia de Biossistemas, Universidade de São Paulo, Avenida Pádua Dias, 11, PO Box 9, 13418-900 Piracicaba, Brasil. Email: email@example.com
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